Fukuyama is known as the "City of Roses" and Bara Koen is a favorite resort of its citizens. The park was the starting point of this "City of Roses" and has played a leading role in its development. The Rose Park began when the citizens of Fukuyama started to plant 1,000 rose bushes in a corner of South Park in 1956 as part of post-war reconstruction work. They hoped that the roses would soothe the hearts of the citizens of Fukuyma, which suffered serious damage during the Second World War. Since then the park has been improved year by year and has come to be known as the Rose Park.
The Rose Park features a well-balanced arrangement of climbing roses, Hybrid Teas, Floribundas and "International Corners" consisting of beds each displaying roses raised in a particular country